Gulf of lion Sea urchin free diving and scuba-diving fishery


ZONE DE PECHE : Golfe du Lion (GSA 7)

STOCK AREA: Gulf of Lion (GSA 7)


Purple sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus


Free diving

Scuba diving




This fishery operates in free diving along the Gulf of Lion coast, excepted in the Bouches-du-Rhône where it is practiced in scuba-diving. The fishery used to take place between until 10 meters deep in free diving (and 20 meters deep in scuba-diving). A “grappe” is used to take the sea urchins out of its substrate.

The fishery takes place between November and April/May each year.

VOLUME OF LANDINGS :  136 tons in 2018

FISHING FLEET : 156 fishermen in Occitanie and PACA in 2016

LANDINGS PORTS : Port-Vendres (PV), Sète (ST), Martigues (MT), Marseille (MA), Toulon (TL), Nice (NI)


Pre-assessment results

Results of the MSC pre-assessment, conducted using the precautionary principle (bar filled = benchmark achieved). Only some of the data is presented here. For a full detail of the results, please consult the pre-assessment report.




  • High selectivity of the harvesting technique


  • Low impact of marine habitats


  • National and regional management frameworks with specific management tools


  • Existing consultation bodies in place between stakeholders for the decision-making on the species management
  • Lack of information and data on:
    – landings (including other fishing gears)
    – global stock monitoring (and initial state)
    – recreationnal fishery catches


  • Lack of evidence of the harvesting strategy’s efficiency


  • Control and surveillance activities at sea


> Download this fishery factsheet

> Read the pre-assessment report of the fishery